what is the internet of things


what is the internet of things


Have you ever heard about Internet of Things or IoT? This is a very advanced technology that we are going to use in our daily life very soon. Want to ask you in one question, who brings vegetable cones to your house? The answer is probably you or your family members. How would you feel if I ask why your fridge should check the availability of self-cooked vegetable and place an order for the vegetable itself? Is this not a very amazing technology. Just today I am going to tell you about this, how the Internet of Things is going to make our life even easier.

Internet of Things is a concept with the help of which all our work will go into automatic mode. We do not have to worry more about them. With this we do not need to reduce our daily. So today I thought, why don't you people know about the Internet of Things in today and how we can use it in our work.

What is internet of things?

The full form of IoT is Internet of Things  This is a concept that tells how it would be if all the world's objects (physical objects) that are used in daily use, if connected to the internet. In this Internet of Things, all these connected devices can identify each other which are connected with the Internet.

If I say it in easy language, then it is a concept in which all the devices which run with On or Off Switch can be connected to Internet, or can be connected with each other. These devices include all the things being used in the daily like cell phones, coffee makers, washing machines, headphones, lamps, all wearable devices and everything you can think of.

In this even simpler language - Internet of Things (IoT) is a concept where things can interact with each other or talk with other devices.

Internet of Things - example

To understand this concept better, let's take an example so that you can understand it in a better way.

Think that you are lying on your bed in the morning and you have also fallen asleep.
In this situation, the sensors in your hands find something unusual in your heartrate, the breath starts growing, your behavior also changes a lot. Therefore, instead of lifting you slowly, these instruments start vibrating in big swing so that they can attract your attention more. In this your sleep is broken and you try to make your body straight while holding your chest. In this case, you do not know what is happening with you and you move towards your phone.

As you open the mobile screen, you see a message on which it is written that your blood pressure is high and it also advises you to take two aspirin. Not only this, he also records all your signals and sends them to your doctor.

There, doctors in hospitals are evaluating your data and after their observation they feel that you should come to the hospital immediately and for this, they electronically send an emergency medical team who has all the data of your health condition. Happens and also the address of your home. As soon as they are near your house, you also get the message of their arrival. Immediately they take you to the hospital for medical attention.

When doctors come to you in the morning, then you give a happy news that your health is better now than before and you do not need to take any worry anymore. You had a severe heart attack but due to treatment in time, a big problem was already stopped.
Now you must have understood how the Internet of Things can make our life better.

Who put this term of Internet of Things?

In 1999, a scientist named Kevin Ashton first named the concept 'Internet of Things'. Then he used to work in P&G (which later became MIT’s Auto-ID Center). Although it was a new term, but its operations were not new. The techniques used in their operation such as pervasive computing, ubicomp, and ambient intelligence were already known to the people.

Note: For your information, let me tell you that the first version of Internet was created for data creation internet. The next version is created for data created by things.

Which cones can be part of the devices internet of thing?

The simple answer to this is that any thing that can be connected can connect them.

Any device, if there is a switch of on and off, then there are chances that they can become part of IoT. It is generally seen that connected devices often have an I.P address. At the same time, having Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6), assigning IP address to those devices has become very easy. Because it can be connected with countless devices.
Things you can connect to the internet:

Connected Wearables - Smartwatches, Smart glasses, fitness bands etc.
Connected Homes - This includes the equipment that we use at home.
Connected Cars - vehicles that can connect with the internet.
Connected cities - smart meters that can easily analyze the usage of water, gas, electricity
Which we can operationally say that such networks within which devices of Internet of things can be easily connected -

BAN (body area network): wearables,
LAN (local area network): smart home,
WAN (wide area network): connected car, and
VWAN (very wide area network): the smart city.
The key to this flow is that the data can be controlled here.
This is why Google is offering a glass and Lens that synchronizes your heath data with NEST and Google Car which tracks your location in the entire city. The idea behind all this is that you never have to leave Google Cloud and its services. Your products are the only gateways to link with networks.

Why do we need Internet of Things?

Here I am going to tell you about its utility -

Provides the best possible feedback for your physical and mental health.
Provides the best possible resource allocation in real-time monitoring.
Provides the best possible decision making in mobility patterns.
With this, it provides the best possible connection to local providers who have global potential.
What are the main Opportunities and Benefits of IoT

IoT provides us with such opportunities so that we can do our work more efficiently so that our time is saved, and with it also money. At the same time, our work should also be done easily.

Internet of Things helps us solve our daily issues - like finding parking space for your car in a busy area, linking our home entertainment system and checking with fridge's webcam that we need more milk or not.

With this IoT also provides us many benefits industrially such as:

1. Having Unprecedented Connectivity: With the help of data and insights of IoT, the industries know what kind of devices their consumers need and the type of service that they can provide even better innovative new products, with it They will be able to provide better services than their competitors.

2. Increased Efficiency: As we know that IoT networks are very smart and intelligent that provide real-time data arm to employees which also contains information that can increase day-to-day efficiency and productivity. to optimize.

3. Cost Savings: IoT devices provide very accurate data and also provide automated workflows to the organization to minimize their operating costs and errors.

4. Time Savings: Once the smart devices are connected, they help different organizations to enhance systems and processes, which saves them a lot of time.

What are the main Threats and Challenges of ioT

It is also clearly visible to us that technology is progressing very soon. In such a situation, if it is not controlled at the right time, then it can bring big difficulties in the future for us.
More than 7 billion devices are still not safe and manufactures will have to secure it before 2020. From this, the seriousness of this thing can be estimated.

IoT botnets, for example, that were designed to manage the network. But over time these have not been updated further due to which many big websites and services became offline in 2016. As a result, people faced many difficulties.
All things that are connected to the internet can be hacked, in such a way IoT is also included in it. You must have seen many such scenes in movies where how hackers hack many sites online.

If all the things will be linked to online then there are many chances of having many privacy issues. In future intelligence services can use this internet of things for identification, surveillance, monitoring, location tracking, and recruitment targeting and also to gain access over the networks.

Summary

If I talk about Internet of Things, then it is a collection of devices - from simple sensors to smartphones and wearables - when everything is connected together. Through IoT, now devices can also talk among themselves and can do many of our tasks. IoT is a very large network of connected "things" (which includes people). There can be a relationship here between people-people, people-things, and things-things because all are connected in the same network with each other. There are many companies which are using IoT, AI and machine learning very much. Such a time should not come that we have to completely depend on IoT too.

I sincerely hope that I have told you what is the Internet of Things? Gave full information about and I hope you people have understood about what is Internet of Things. I request all of you readers that you too should share this information in your neighborhood, relatives and friends, so that there will be awareness among us and it will benefit everyone. I need your support so that I can convey more new information to you.

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