What is sitemap how to create one



What is sitemap how to create one


What is a Sitemap and how to create a Sitemap? Why is this so important? If we talk about a few decades ago, then we will know that earlier there used to be links in the main page of the government's website, the same page is called "Sitemap". Even till now, some websites use the same HTML sitemap. But over time, Sitemap has also seen a lot of change, nowadays, Sitemap is published in XML instead of HTML because Target Audience has now become a search engine instead of people.

Recently, someone asked me some questions regarding the Sitemap. Like is this sitemap akir? Why is this so important? How to create a sitemap? Many such questions. So I thought why not give me some information about this today. All the new bloggers who say to create new blogs must know about it. So today we will know what is this sitemap and how to make sitemap, its full information in Hindi. Then what is the delay? Let's start.



what is Sitemap

Sitemap is simply a list of the pages of your website if it is said in easy language. Let's know what Aakir Google has to say about it. According to Google, a Sitemap is the list of your website or blog in which all the pages of your blog are listed, and which Google's search engine could not find if you did not include them in that Sitemap. Creating and submitting a Sitemap makes Google aware of their existence, otherwise Google's spider sometimes doesn't crawl those pages.

What is a WordPress XML Sitemap

Sitemap is a list of pages that all users can access. XML Sitemap is a way that blog owners inform Search Engines about all the pages of their blog, so that they can find them easily. The XML Sitemap also tells them which links are more important, how many pages are updated regularly from the cone. By the way, your search ranking does not get boost from Sitemap, but yes, Search Engines can crawl well on your website.

Why do we need an XML Sitemap

By the way, if we see from the point of view of search engine optimization, Sitemap is very important for any website or blog. Like I have said earlier that the ranking of any website does not increase with the Sitemap, but it is definitely that if a page is not indexed, then it definitely gets indexed. If seen on a special basis, it is very good for new Blogs or Websites. This is because new blogs do not get much back-links in their individual posts due to the common reason that they are not seen by the search engines. And it is a very happy thing to find them in favor of search engines.

If we talk about old websites, we can know that as their posts have been completely indexed, that's why search engines keep crawling in them easily. And as they keep updating their posts, this is also known to the search engines so that they fix the Crawl Rate for those websites. Due to which the overall visibility of those websites increases significantly.

How to find a search engine sitemap

Search Engines are very smart in finding Sitemaps. Whenever you publish a new post, then a ping reaches those Search Engines, so that those Search Engines know that there is some change in the Sitemap of that website.

Different Types of Sitemaps

Here we will know how many types of sitemaps are there. By the way, these are mainly of two types.

HTML Sitemap (Hypertext Markup Language)
XML Sitemap (Extensible Markup Language)
Now XML Sitemap also has two parts

Index Sitemap (How many URLs are Sitemaps in a website)
URL Sitemap (provides final URL information on the webpage)
URL Sitemaps also have three parts

Sitemap for Webpages (also called XML Sitemap in Community)
Image Sitemap (URL of those images in website and their details)
Video Sitemap (details of those videos in website)

What is an HTML Sitemap?

As mentioned earlier, it is such a map that keeps all the information of the website along with its location. With their help, we can get any necessary things from the user very easily. If we consider an example, then we can think that there are thousands of webpages in a website and to find something in favor of a user is a very humble task, but with the help of sitemap, that work can become easy. goes.

what are XML Sitemaps?

XML is basically like a language that stores information in a pre-defined format of an object. It is impossible to understand this format in our favor, but Search Engines can understand it very easily. So we can say that XML sitemaps are designed primarily for search engines so that they can give information about internal and external resources of a website to Search Engines.

Video sitemaps

We can make Sitemap of videos. For this, we can create a new and separate file or give Video Information in an existing sitemap. By adding information, their visibility increases in Rich Snippet. Remember that Google can only crawl these video formats such as wmv, mp4, mpeg, mpg, m4v, asf, flv, swf, avi, ra and ram.

Image Sitemaps

Image Sitemap is very important if you want your image to show up in Google Image Search results. As in Video Sitemap, we can add information of images to the same existing Sitemap.

How to create a Sitemap

The biggest advantage of using XML Sitemap is that we are inclusive of metadata. By which it is beneficial that all of us can give additional information in the content of the page. An XML Sitemap is created as follows.

step 1: First of all create a text file, then give its name as 'Sitemap' and save it in .xml format.

Step 2: After that we have to inform the Search Engine how the Sitemap has been encode, for which we have to use the script given below.

1   <?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”UTF-8″?>
2   <urlset xmlns=”http://www.sitemaps.org/schemas/sitemap/0.9″>
3   </urlset>

step 3: In the subsequent step we add all the relevant URLs. We do this before closing the urlset tag. Below you can see the steps to do the URL entry.

1   <url>
2   <loc>http://www.website.com/</loc>
3   <lastmod>2012-12-12</lastmod>
4   <changefreq>daily</changefreq>
5   <priority>1</priority>
6   </url>


Here loc-tag is used to link the page. Here you can put your URL between these tags. lastmod indicates when you last modified the page. Change-freq means how many times you changed that page, the frequency of change (is (hourly, daily, weekly, monthly, yearly…). You have to use 'never' for the archived URL.

You can categorize your pages according to their priority by using priority-tag. Priority values ​​range from 0.0 to 1.0 (1.0 being the most important). By default page priority is 0.5. Even giving more priority to all the pages will not increase the rank because it is all relative. Here loc tag is compulsory, but lastmod, changefreq and priority tags are optional.

Step 4: Now that you have created SiteMap, it is time to upload it in your Site. It should be added to the root directory itself. There are a few things to keep in mind when you are creating a Sitemap:

All URLs must come from the same host as a sitemap.
The maximum length of any URL must be 2,048 characters.
A sitemap can contain up to 50,000 URLs.
The maximum file size of a Sitemap is 50 MB.
If your Sitemap is large enough, then you can split or split it into multiple Sitemap, for which you will need to add a Sitemap Index file. It is similar to a normal sitemap but some tags have different names here. You can see the example below:


1   <?xml version=”1.0″ encoding=”UTF-8″?>
2   <sitemapindex xmlns=”http://www.sitemaps.org/schemas/sitemap/0.9″>
3   <sitemap>
4   <loc>http://www.website.com/sitemap1.xml</loc>
5   </sitemap>
6   <sitemap>
7   <loc>http://www.website.com/sitemap2.xml</loc>
8   </sitemap>
9   </sitemapindex>

Here sitemap is linking two sitemap with index file via the <loc> tag. Theoretically, if we think, a Sitemap Index file can link around 50,000 Sitemaps.

How to validate sitemap

Everyone knows how easy it is to find the error with your code, for that reason it is a good way to validate our sitemap before submitting so that it is error free. By the way, many free tools are available in the internet to check validity. But we use Google Webmaster Tools to test XML Sitemaps. For which you have to click the add / test Sitemap Button which is under Optimization> Sitemap, with which we can check before submitting the Sitemap.

Informing Search Engines

Now that you have created and validated the Sitemap, now is the time to tell Search Engines about it. To inform you, Google and Bing will have to provide the location of your Sitemap. For Google, you have to log in to your account, then you will have Optimization> Sitemaps, in which the button on the right side will be 'add sitemap'. Where you have to paste the URL of the Sitemap and the work is finished. For Bing, you will have to use Bing Webmaster Tools to submit the Sitemap and also the location of the sitemap.

Alternatively you can also include your URL in the robot.txt file. For which you need to write an extra line.

sitemap: https://online1help.com/sitemap.xml

If you have a Sitemap Index file, then you do not need to insert extra line.

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