Who invented computer? Full history of computer


Who invented computer?

There is no straightforward answer to the question "Who invented computer" because computer does not represent a single machine, but it is a collection of many different types of mechanical parts.

At the same time, these parts have been invented by different people at different times. Therefore, the answer to this question depends on the classification of the computer.
All of you must know what is computer. In today's article "Who first invented computer", we are going to know this question in depth. Hopefully you will like this effort of ours. Then let's start without delay.

Who discovered the computer and when

Computer was invented in the 19th century by Charles Babbage Salt, a famous Mathematics professor. Therefore, he is also called Father of Computer.
He designed an Analytical Engine (first mechanical computer) which was the successor of Difference Engine (automatic mechanical calculator) and is considered to be the basic framework of modern computers today.

These were classified into Generations and each generation was a much improved and modified version than its previous generation.
In 1822, the British mathematician and inventor Charles Babbage (1791–1871) created the first steam-powered automatic mechanical calculator, which he named "Difference Engine" or "Differential Engine".

Computer type
It was more than a simple calculator. At the same time it was capable to compute the numbers of many sets together and in the end it provided answers in hard copies.
Ada Lovelace also helped Charles Babbage to develop this difference engine. It could compute polynomial equations and was also able to automatically print mathematical tables.

After this, in 1837, Charles Babbage conceived the description of the first general mechanical computer, which was going to be the successor of Difference Engine and which he thought to be the analytical engine, but it could never be completed when Babbage was alive.
It was to be programmed with the help of integrated memory and punch cards.
Later in 1991, Henry Babbage, the youngest son of Charles Babbage, completed a part of the machine that was able to do all the basic calculations.

Who invented the first electronic computer and when?

First electronic computer
In 1945, ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer) was invented by J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly. He did it at the University of Pennsylvania.
The entire cost of its design and construction was spent by the US Military.
It was spread over 1800 square feet, electric power of 200 kilowatts, used about 70,000 resistors, 10,000 capacitors and 18,000 vacuum tubes and weighed about 50 tones.
Where many believe that ABC computer was the first digital computer but many people consider ENIAC as the first digital computer.

This is because it is the first operational electronic digital computer. At the same time it was used in weather prediction, atomic-energy calculations, thermal ignition, and other scientific uses.
Who invented the first Programmable Computer and where?
In 1938, the German civil engineer, Konrad Zuse, invented the world's first freely programmable binary driven mechanical computer.
He named it Z1. Konrad Zuse is also considered by many to be the father of modern computer. This computer was programmable via punched tape or punched tape reader.

The real name of the Z1 was "V1" for VersuchsModell 1, but after World War 2 it was renamed "Z1". It uses thin metal sheets of around 1000 kg weight with 20000 parts also.

Who invented the first commercial computer?

In 1951, the world's first commercial computer was invented, named UNIVAC I (Universal Automatic Computer I). It was the first commercial computer that was able to manage both numerical and alphabetic.
It was also designed by J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly, inventors of ENIAC.

A vacuum tube was used in it, while a limited speed memory computer was used by the US military.
A magnetic tape or a magnetic drum was used for its input and storage.

Who invented the first Electronic Digital Computer and when?

The world's first electronic digital computer was invented in 1937 by Dr.John V. Atanasoff and Clifford Berry. He named it Atanasoff-Berry Computer (ABC).

When was the first personal computer invented?

The first personal computer was introduced in 1975. It was Ed Robert who first appeared in front of the "personal computer" and PC world on 3 November 1962 when the Altair 8800 was introduced.
Otherwise, earlier computers were called microcomputers.



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First computer names according to company name

Commodore: In 1977, Commodore introduced its first computer, named "Commodore PET".
Compaq: In March 1983, Compaq introduced its first computer, a 100% IBM compatible computer, named it "Compaq Portable".

Dell: In 1985, Dell introduced its first computer "Turbo PC".

Hewlett Packard: In 1966, Hewlett Packard released his first general computer, named "HP-2115".
NEC: In 1958, NEC built its first computer, named "NEAC 1101".
Toshiba: In 1954, Toshiba introduced its first computer, named "TAC" digital computer.

In which day was computer invented?

The first mechanical computer was invented by Charles Babbage in the year 1822, but it did not look like the present computer at all.
In 1837, Charles Babbage propose the first general mechanical computer, named Analytical Engine.

An ALU (Arithmetic Logic Unit), basic flow control, punch cards (which were inspired by Jacquard Loom), and integrated memory were ranked in this Analytical Engine.
This was the first general-purpose computer concept. But unfortunately due to funding issues, this computer could not be built in the living state of Charles Babbage.

When and who invented computer?

If it is said directly, then the computer was invented by the famous mechanical engineer Charles Babbage.
Because he first designed the design of Programmable Computer. In 1822 Charles Babbage invented a mechanical computer named "Differential Engine". But due to lack of money, it could not be completed.

Who invented the first Personal Desktop Computer?

The first desktop personal computer in the whole world was created in 1964 by the Italian company Olivetti. He had priced it at $ 3,200, which was around 2 lakh rupees today.

In 1985, Atari Corporation built the 520ST computer. It was a 32-bit color computer and had 256 Kb of RAM and a 3 1⁄2-Inch Floppy Disk that worked as a storage.
At the same time, many different companies made many different computer models.

Who invented electronic computer

The invention of electronic computer Alan M. Touring did.

Who invented laptop?

First laptop
Laptop was a very big invention. This laptop was invented by Adam Osborne in 1981.

The first laptop was named "Osborne 1", which was named after its inventor. At that time its price was about $ 1500. In this, many of its programs were pre-installed and a small computer screen was also built on it.

It was invented by "Osborne computers".

This first portable computer was a huge success, where the sales of the comapany were getting around 10,000 per month. According to that time it was too much.

Laptops from other companies

After this, other companies took notice of this invention and launched many new laptops which had many new features.

1. IBM launched IBM 5155 Portable Personal Computer in 1984.

2. In 1988, Compaq Computer launched its first laptop PC which also had VGA graphics, named it Compaq SLT / 286.

3. NEC also released UltraLite, it was the first laptop computer whose weight was less than 5 lbs.

Then it slowly got better and better.

Name of India's first computer

India's first computer HEC-2M
The first computer in India was brought in 1952 by Dr.Dwijish Dutta inside the Indian Institute of Science in Kolkata.
It was an Analog Computer. After that, an analog computer was installed at the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore
But the computer era in India really started in 1956 when the digital computer HEC-2M was installed inside the Kolkata Indian Institute of Science, it was the first electronic computer in India.
After the arrival of this computer, India had become the second such country in Asia after Japan, which was now using computer technology.

Then in 1958, a computer called "URAL" was installed in the Indian Statistical Institute Kolkata which was bigger than HEC-2M in size. This computer was purchased from Russia and in 1964, both these computers stopped using. .
Because at that time IBM installed its first computer IBM 1401 at Indian Statistical Institute Kolkata, which was the first computer of IBM 1400 series which was a data processing system computer that IBM built in 1959.

When did Computer become in India?

So far, all the computers that were made were bought from all other countries, but not a single one was made in India, but in 1966, the two computers of India together with the Indian Statistical Institute and Jadavpur University made the first computer inside India, it was named ISIJU.
There was a difference between HEC-2M and ISIJU. URAL Both HEC-2M and URAL were computers with vacuum tubes while ISIJU was a computer with transistors. And after this, computers started being manufactured in India itself.

Which is India's first supercomputer and who built it?

India's first supercomputer PARAM 8000
India's first supercomputer was 'PARAM 8000'. The full form of PARAM is "Parallel Machine". This computer was developed by the Center for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) in 1991. Architect Vijay P.Bhatkar had a huge contribution in this.

He made PARAM 8000 in 1991 and PARAM 10000 in 1998.

The rating of this PARAM 8000 was around 1 Gigaflop (billion floating point operations per second). All the chips and other elements used to make PARAM were purchased from the open domestic market.
There were also some major applications of this PARAM Supercomputer such as long-range weather forecasting, remote sensing, drug design and molecular modeling.

When was the computer invented in India

Computer was invented in India in 1966 from the indigenous Gyan Kausal. This computer is named "ISIJU".
When and where was the first computer installed in India
India bought the first computer for itself in 1956, its price was around Rs 10 lakh. Its name was HEC-2M and it was established in the Indian Statistical Institute of Calcutta.

It was nothing more than a big number crunching machine. It had a length of 10 ft, width of 7 ft and height of 6 ft.
It played a very important role at that time by planning commission in formulating annual and five-year plans, as well as in India's top-secret nuclear projects.
It was India's first First Generation Computer. Along with this, it also laid down the foundation for computer development in India.

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